Like this, Humphreys forecast the present emphasis on activities and on the new destabilization away from sexual categories

Like this, Humphreys forecast the present emphasis on activities and on the new destabilization away from sexual categories

Which distanced her or him out-of both the psychoanalytical method and off one off Alfred Kinsey which, even in the event acknowledging the latest personal genesis of the homo- and heterosexual classes, proceeded to target sexuality just like the customized and you may fairly measureable muscles routines that have been regarding excitation and you can climax

Just what keeps noted more recent decades during these so-entitled fraction parts would be that they have likewise feel recognized as “political” within this a plans away from neighborhood you to sees electricity not only in the official, in addition to on the street, work, a medical facility, in the household plus between the sheets [ ] It is correctly this era in which Michel Foucault has started in order to take on the old heroes to own primacy inside bibliographies away from peoples research programs on the colleges (Fry and you may MacRae, ). 17

The new influence out of Foucault, however, must be depending inside numerous recommendations having sparked browse and you will meditation of sexuality certainly Brazilian anthropologists during this time period. 18 Foucault isn’t as part of the bibliography out of Fry’s very first blog post out of homosexuality and you will African-Brazilian cults, the spot where the blogger gifts his first form of the machine away from sexual class that renders in the hierarchical design as well as in which he formulates a translation of one’s meaning of sexual classes throughout the definition of what is actually socially reported to be “central” or “normal” and you will what’s considered to be “marginal” or “deviant”. Fry’s conversation here evokes, to some extent, emblematic interactionism and you can, far more especially, Howard Becker’s types of “labels idea” (1973) as well as ethnographic applications regarding examination of male homosexuality, such as brand new groundbreaking and you can controversial research Tearoom change, authored by Laud Humphreys. Authored during the 1970, Humphreys’ guide dealt with the fresh public organization out of unpassioned sex anywhere between guys publicly rooms, cautiously outlining the newest affairs and you may classifications of men just who do sexual contact in public restrooms (Humphreys, 1970). 19 A surprisingly major device of their date, Humphreys’ ethnography mixed conventional presuppositions off a stable linkage between sexual methods and you will identities. It exhibited personal men’s’ bed room just weren’t a meeting section to possess “typical homosexuals”, however, were indeed “an effective kaleidoscope away from sexual fluidity” 20 . 21

Humphreys’ performs was itself the result of some tendencies within Us sociology inside the sixties which included Becker’s reconceptualization regarding “deviance”, Goffman’s personal crisis method and you may Garfinkel’s ethnomethodology. It actually was as well as determined by new practical, denaturalizing and you can anti-psychiatric means produced by John Gagnon and you can William Simon, which designed of one’s “sexual” as a regular public techniques, new fruits out of an intricate group of dealings and personal significance that were played out in other markets from daily life. The job ones writers is noted by efforts to know the newest contingent and you will historical means whereby people absorbed lifestyles and set him or her to the habit, hence promoting and you may modifying her thinking and you can demonstrations out of by themselves. This form of method was conveyed in the use of the metaphor of your own “career”, and this obtained an important role in the reflections of several ones sociologists. twenty-two

Up to on 1975, the newest opposition governmental people believed brand new feminist, Black colored and you can homosexual actions becoming unimportant for the full battle, that has been discovered to be controlled by question of inequality anywhere between social categories

Even though these authors don’t totally express an equivalent theoretic background and you can affiliations, what they got in accordance try a view that people people behavior, including the sexual, was always published to ethical assessment and you will try hence a personal starting. The latest sociologists, by comparison, not just known methods out of identities, but also looked for to appreciate the ways where sexuality was managed and you may reinvented regarding public correspondence dynamic by means of the process of structuring groups which (borrowing slang determined by classic French sociology) we could name “societal representations”.

اضف رد

لن يتم نشر البريد الإلكتروني . الحقول المطلوبة مشار لها بـ *